Red Jungle Fowl, free images of Jungle fowl with information

The Red Jungle Fowl scientifically known as Gallus gallus, is a shy game bird native to many South-East Asian countries such as Thailand, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Northern India including North western Himalayas. China, Philippines and is an introduced species in Marshall Islands, Australia, Mariana Islands and United States.

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RG139- An adult male Red Jungle fowl

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RG140- a female red jungle fowl guarding her eggs

Red Jungle fowl is believed to be the ancestor of Domestic chicken and has been associated with humans for a long time now. It has been interbred with other sub species of jungle fowl resulting in different hybrids. This hybridization is also resulting in a threat of extinction of pure bred red jungle fowl. The domestic chicken is kept globally and forms a very productive food source of both meat and eggs.

This bird grows up to 20-30 cm in length. It is very easy to differentiate between the males and the females by their physical appearance. The male bird has a red comb on its head and red color wattles hanging from the throat. The feathers around the head and neck are reddish golden and long. The breast and under parts are bluish-black in color and the tail feathers are in the form of an arch. Although they look black, they actually show iridescence of green, purple and blue in strong light. The females are smaller in size and lack the fleshy red comb and wattles. They are normally brown with spots of red. The neck and face area could have slight orange to gold colored feathers. The tail is not shorter.

During the breeding season, the male bird produces the famous “cock-a-doodle-doo” sound to draw the attention of other competitive males and invite them for a fight. The female lays up to 4-5 eggs and the incubation period is around 20 days. The red jungle fowl spends most of its time on the ground searching for food. They eat seeds, fruits and insects. They can run on the ground and during sunset fly to their nests on the trees for roosting. 

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