Indian Crested Porcupines, Porcupines free pictures with Information

Indian crested porcupines are among the third largest rodents in the world. Belonging to genus Hystrix, its scientific name is ‘Hystrix indica’. It is very adaptable and the habitat ranges from hilly areas, forests, arid regions, grasslands to many other environments. It is a member of old world porcupines.

Porcupines, Indian crested porcupine, hedgehog, animal with spines
RG157- Indian Crested Porcupine

rodents, porcupine, brush tailed porcupine, spiny animals like mouse
RG158- Brush Tailed Porcupines

In its native state it is found in many south Asian countries (mainly the Indian sub-continent) and some middle-east countries. An adult can measure up to 80-90 cm and weigh 12-20 kg. The tail is short around 10-12 cm. The porcupine hair is modified into spines which vary from long and thinner to short and thicker. The quills cover the porcupine in multiple layers and are usually black or brown. The longest of them grow from the shoulder, while the tail has short white quills. It has a crest of long stiff hair on its head, which can be raised. It has broad feet and the claws are long enough to dig the ground.

When a predator approaches a porcupine, it raises its Quills and rattles the hollow quills. It does this to appear larger and scare off the predator. However, if the predator still does not leave, it attacks the animal and clashes its rear against the animal. This spears the animal with the needle like tail quills. Although, the Quills are not poisonous, but if left untreated can lead to infection and the attacked animal can die of infected wounds. Many tigers and leopards have been attacked in this way by porcupines to defend themselves.

The Indian crested porcupines live in caves and dig burrows for hiding during the day. They mostly feed on vegetarian food like barks, fruits, nuts, grains, roots,bulbs etc. Due to this they have become pests in the fields to farmers in India. Some also gnaw on bones of dead animals to full fill their calcium needs.

It becomes mature by 12 months and the females deliver 2-4 babies after a gestation period of 3.5-4 months.

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