Gray Langur, Hanuman Langur, Nilgiri Langur free Images with information

Gray Langur (scientific name: Simia entellus) is one of the most common monkeys found in South Asia. They are found in native states forests, wood lands and areas around human settlements in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, some parts of Pakistan and Srilanka. These monkeys are grey in color with hands and face being different shades of black. The body length measures from 40-80 cm with average weight in range of 10-20 kg. Their tails are almost equal or longer than their body size.

Gray Langurs with a new born baby langur
RG79- Gray Langurs with an infant



Nilgiri Langur Sitting on Neem Tree Branches
RG80- Nilgiri Langur Sitting on Neem Tree Branches



Nilgiri langur
RG81- Nilgiri Langur


Gray Langurs are mostly herbivores and feed on tree leaves, seeds, grasses, acacia spines, herbs, fruits, grain, roots and tree barks. They spend a lot of time foraging on ground, but prefer sleeping in the trees during night to protect themselves from predators. They produce various sounds like grunting, panting, honking, hiccups, rumbling, coughing etc to communicate and alarm other members.

Gray Langurs are also called Hanuman Langurs or Hanuman Monkeys  Rhesus. It is believed that in the Indian epic of Ramayana, lord Rama was helped by his ardent devotee the monkey god  Hanuman to find Sita ( mother Sita , wife of lord Rama), and a huge army of gray langurs along with Hanuman supported lord Rama to fight against the evil Ravana. During the fight their hands and face received burns and thus the black color. Since, then lord Rama blessed them that lord hanuman shall be prayed eternally. Since then, the gray langurs have been associated with Lord Hanuman, and the devotees offer them food  in/ around temples.

Langurs live in groups, each consisting of one adult male and many females ( total varies from 10-50), while some groups are full of male members only. Reproduction is seasonal to year round depending on their location. The gestation period is around 6.5-7 months with 1-2 infants born and maturity in these langurs is attained by 3 – 4 years of age, it is then that the young langurs are chased out of the group, they then form all males group and attack the leader male of female groups to be come the new leader.

In certain forest areas, they share a friendly relationship with the spotted dear, sitting on the tree tops, they alarm them if they see any predators coming close and also drop fruits from the tree which are eaten by the spotted deer. In return, the chital or spotted deer is highly sensitive and through smell can detect approaching predators.

The Nilgiri Langurs (scientific name: Trachypithecus johnii) are similar to gray langurs, but are very less in number and considered endangered species. They are completely black in color with only the fur around their head of golden brown color. They live in small groups and are mainly found in NIlgiri Hills of western ghats and other mountain areas of South India.

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